UPSC Essentials: Case Study of the Week- Breaking the “Motherhood Jinx” at Workplace

An article that fits as a case study is a story Indian Express, “Why we need moms for management lessons” Written by Rinku Ghosh. Rinku Ghosh talks to some important women personalities of the society and helps us to understand some relevant issues. One such issue is how motherhood is seen as an obligation for working women at their workplaces, and why it is important to recognize women’s economic potential.

,RelevanceCase Study is an important part of UPSC Civil Services Exam especially the Ethics paper. These case studies can also be very beneficial for value addition in Essay, GS Mains and Interview. This particular case study GS I and II is relevant to issues relating to women. solve the MCQs given at the end of the article.)

court case-

Motherhood is seen as an obligation for working women in the workplace. If women want to take long breaks for their children, it is at the cost of promotions, important projects or jobs. remember latest Tanishq Commercial where the protagonist quits his job to take care of his newborn baby for 14 months and after a break decides to reapply for another job. The interviewer is so impressed by her answer that she devoted herself to a start-up project of childbirth and care. He gets the job. Is that a television commercial or a movie. What about reality?

according to a study by Genpact Center for Women’s Leadership, 2018.

1. 50% of working women in India quit their jobs at the age of 30 to take care of their children.

2. Many of those who returned to work dropped out within 4 months of joining.

3. After becoming a mother, only 27 percent of women progressed in their career

4. Only 16 percent of women who returned to employment after motherhood held senior positions.

Problem-

Women’s economic potential versus gender policy. Women should be stakeholders in the economy and should be considered as a viable human resource.

Issues-

1. The Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 allows 26 weeks of paid leave after the birth of a child. It is really progressive in intent but only works well for large companies. But in the post-Covid world, small companies like MSMEs and start-ups facing stiff competition are facing difficulties in allowing paid leave to mothers despite good intentions. Therefore, these companies prefer to hire men instead.

2. Women in the unorganized sector do not stand to benefit from the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act 2017.

3. Women returning to work after a one-year hiatus due to motherhood have to adjust to fewer roles than their out-of-place male counterparts.

4. According to Ritu Dewan, a founding member of the Center of Gender Economics – there has been a decrease in the allocation of maternity schemes and baby homes in public organizations.

Solutions and Suggestions:

1. Look at motherhood differently. It carves women into a professional as it extends to vitality, empathy, cooperation and dedication. Women need to be involved and acknowledge their abilities, not sympathetic to childbirth. In fact, motherhood prepares a woman for the worst challenges and strengthens her commitment. This is the fastest way to acquire the skill.

2. Learn from a food delivery company like Zomato. It has a unique support system, which employs a staff to assist a new mother, so that she does not need to be physically present.

3. There is a need for a gap management structure where companies and organizations can create procedures to handle maternity leave.

4. Incentivize employers to hire more women in the form of tax benefits, certain schemes or additional benefits.

5. For true integration and inclusion of women at all levels, there is a need for a change and reorientation in the approach of these governments. policies at the implementation level. It’s time to do away with the typical questions at the hiring desk – ‘When are you planning to settle down?’ or ‘How many children do you have?’ e.t.c.

6. The Social Security Code, 2020 promises that the central government will set up a fund for women in the unorganized sector. State governments should also establish and administer a separate social security fund for the unorganized workers. If implemented it can be seen as an effective solution.

7. The husband should be seen as a partner. There is a need for gender equality in child care delivery roles. Both men and women have to decide how much they are willing to jointly play the role of husband and wife. Team play is important not only in companies but also at home.

8. As noted by Ritu Dewan in Rinku Ghosh’s story, there is a need to redefine motherhood as a fundamental economic right as women are the future workforce of the country. View women as the powerhouse of economic potential – a valuable, investable human resource.

Beyond Case:

Look at the women of rural areas. Women organize themselves as a true economic unit which is remarkable in-

1. ASHA workers from India among six recipients of Global Health Leaders Award at World Health Assembly. “ASHA (meaning hope in Hindi) has more than 1 million women volunteers in India, recognized for their important role in connecting the community to the health system, ensuring that people living in rural poverty receive access to primary health services. as shown across India. COVID-19 pandemic,” said a release from the World Health Organization (WHO).

2. Similarly, can be taken as an example women self help group and co-operative societies run by women where women have proved their economic potential.

Point to consider: Motherhood needs to be viewed differently in the professional space. discuss.

MCQs (Try after reading the article)

Consider the following statements and select the correct option-

1. The Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 allows 26 weeks of paid leave after the birth of a child.

2. Women in the unorganized sector do not stand to benefit from the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act 2017.

3. Article 41 requires that the State shall make provisions for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.

a) only 1 b) only 1 and 2

c) 2 and 3 only d) 1, 2 and 3

Answers for previous mcqs, UPSC Essentials: One Word a Day – Stagflation- (A)