China unveils plan to reduce fossil fuels but fails to announce new emissions target

While the document details new measures on how the world’s biggest polluter will be decarbonised, the country is not updating its pledge to reduce emissions.

The guidelines come less than a week before world leaders land in Glasgow, Scotland COP26 international climate talks there, they will be expected to formulate a plan speed up cut in greenhouse gas emissions in this decade.

Chinese President Xi Jinping has not left China since the pandemic began and is unlikely to attend COP26 in person. The government is yet to announce the details of its delegation to the summit.

Official document sheds more light on how Xi intends to do well past pledge To reach peak emissions by 2030 and to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. Carbon neutrality, or net zero emissions, is achieved when the same greenhouse gas is removed from the atmosphere as is emitted, so the net amount is zero.
Whether China can deliver on its climate promises has come under scrutiny in recent months. China was powering its coronavirus economic recovery by building dozens of new coal plants and expediting construction projects is dependent on fossil fuels, and it has recently ramped up coal production to reduce running energy crisis.
Last week, the Chinese government Country’s coal mines ordered To “produce as much coal as possible” after weeks of power shortages in several provinces.
China’s coal main energy source And it is widely used for heating, power generation and steel making. Last year, it accounted for about 60% of the country’s energy use.

China will gradually phase out its fossil fuel consumption, according to new guidelines published in state news agency Xinhua. By 2030, China said the proportion of energy coming from non-fossil fuel sources would reach 25%. Thirty years later, China aims to get 80% of its total energy use from non-fossil fuels, according to Xinhua news agency.

By 2030, China said its CO2 emissions per unit of GDP would be 65% lower than 2005 levels.

China is already a world leader in renewable energy production, but it will need to increase its capacity in wind and solar to meet its climate goals. China aims to bring its total installed capacity of wind and solar power to more than 1,200 gigawatts by 2030, Xinhua news agency said.

The world plans to produce far more fossil fuels than ever to live under dangerous climate limits, says UN

Earlier, China pledged that renewable energy would make up 25% of its installed electricity capacity and wind and solar would account for 16.5% of China’s energy by 2025.

To achieve its climate goals, China will undertake “intensive industrial restructuring to accelerate the development of a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system” and accelerate “the construction of a low-carbon transportation system”. to Xinhua.

China, however, said it must ensure food and energy security as it decarbonises. Beijing earlier this year prompted coal mines to cut production as the country pursues its ambitious targets to cut carbon emissions. But demand grew for projects that require fossil fuels, and they don’t have enough power to go through.

China must “manage the relationship between pollution reduction and carbon reduction and energy security, industry chain” supply chain security, food security and normal life of the people,” the document said, according to Xinhua.

It said China must “respond to the economic, financial and social risks that may accompany the green and low-carbon transition” and “stop over-reaction and ensure safe carbon reductions.”

– CNN’s Yong Xiong, Laura He and Philip Wang contributed to this report.

.