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Despite Russian attacks on Ukraine’s Black Sea port Odessa, Ukraine’s infrastructure minister said on Monday that Kyiv expects Ukrainian ports to be abandoned “this week” under a UN-brokered deal.

“We expect the agreement to start working in the coming days,” Alexander Kubrakov, who leads Ukraine’s delegation to the grain talks in Turkey, said at a news conference.

“We are preparing to start everything this week,” he said.

Kubrakov also highlighted the importance of security following a strike at the port of Odessa, one of the three export hubs specified in the agreement.

“Our position is very simple. We signed an agreement with the United Nations and Turkey. If the parties guarantee security, the agreement will work. If they don’t, it won’t work,” Kubrakov said.

Russia and Ukraine on Friday signed an agreement on Black Sea grain exports in Istanbul, with Turkey and the United Nations as co-guarantors.

Both countries are major exporters of agricultural products, but Moscow’s invasion has severely disrupted Ukrainian wheat exports as fighting damaged crops and left ports blocked and mined.

Kubrakov said mining would take place “exclusively” in the shipping lanes needed for grain exports, while Ukrainian ships would accompany departing convoys that would transport not only grain but fertilizers as well.

Deputy Infrastructure Minister Yuri Vaskov told the press conference that the southeastern port of Chornomorsk would be “first” for grain delivery, followed by the Odessa port in the south, and then Pivdenyny in the southeast.

“In the next two weeks, we will be technically ready to export grain from all Ukrainian ports,” Vaskov said.