Dr. Abdullah bin Musa Al Tayer
In 1990, Harvard graduate Charles Krauthammer, American author and psychotherapist, declared a “unipolar moment”, arguing that the United States was at the center of an undeniable power. Perhaps many experts in international relations disagreed with him, to whom the word “moment” seemed an “illusion”. A rapid return to the politics of balance of power, to reduce the hegemony of the dominant state, and to return the system to the “natural” state of multipolarity. For them, this means that the nature of international relations is pluralism, not unipolarity.
Opponents of Western American (liberal-democratic) specificity in the global resolution had no choice but to pin their hopes on a growing and ambitious economic power, on the successor of the Soviet Union (Russia) and on China. However, there are those who believe that the attempt to project China and Russia to strike a balance is “counterproductive”, as it posed a threat to China and Russia’s neighbors, which “included China in East Asia and Europe”. Strong reaction to”. -Russian threat to America’s allies in Asia and Europe, and reinforced those fears. « US-led coalition regimes in East Asia and Europe to maintain the regional status quo. Therefore, the United States is the main strategic beneficiary of the balance that China and Russia can lead, which is likely to lead to a prolonged “unipolar moment”.
The example is evident in the Russo-Ukrainian War, where all of Europe united behind American leadership, which indicates that parallel to the natural desire for multipolarity to guide the interests of the world, there are fears that push the cohesion of a single American. The pole, which could lead to an extension of its mandate for decades to come, although many observers believe the unipolar pole’s dominance has been too long since the 1990s, and has caused many troubles. Events that nearly hasten his retirement, such as the 2008 economic crisis, the war on terrorism, the consequences of the so-called Arab Spring, and the US withdrawal from Afghanistan and Iraq and Syria, and threats to leave the Middle East.
It is true that the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War led to a change in the international system that crowned the United States as one pole, as the remaining superpower in the world, and that the sudden Soviet collapse freed dozens. Gave. Countries under Soviet hegemony. Expectedly, consolidating the sovereignty of their countries, the United States and Western Europe were a fitting kiss for concluding a coalition of countries freed from the hold of the Soviet Union. That historic moment has reinforced optimism in America’s leadership over their ability to control world affairs in the West and to direct it as they see fit, especially as Henry Kissinger wrote in his book “American Foreign Policy”. Mentioned that America does not have a foreign policy, but rather possesses an appropriate culture and lifestyle of mankind, and has the power to impose them, and it was the American culture and Western way of life that defeated the Soviet Union.
In the twentieth century, mankind experienced a world standing on two feet, and the main participant, the Soviet Union, was to classify Third World countries as reactionary; They are affiliated and progressive with the United States of America; These connected with that, and subsequent decisions were issued to target “progressive” countries to overthrow the rule of “reactionary” countries to overthrow their regimes, particularly states. In Arab countries, Ba’athists and Arab nationalists implemented the directive. When the world came to the United States in 1990 AD, allied countries were targeted to change their regime and the media, human rights reports and claims of freedom, democracy and pluralism were used and the targeting reached its climax. It is called the Arab Spring.
away from politics, and if the theory of international relations holds true, and the world returns to its feet, will we see a mass migration towards Russia or China to defend the independence and sovereignty of the Western allies and their political Will protect system, as did the countries independent of the Soviet Union, with one difference?